In the second and the third quarters of 2020, international remittances grew by a percentage of 89.3 years on year compared to 18.5 % for 2019 same period. Notably, the beginning of this record-breaking growth is a mixed result of the initial state of emergency declaration on March 27 and the subsequent border closures.
Many people want to send money to Gambia, and it certainly got its impact in the period of COVID 19. Covid -19 Africa Watch has tracked many developments and policy announcements across the continent and has also offered a curated selection of the analysis over how pandemic will impact the African economies and the developmental efforts.
Irregular migration from Africa to Europe has now become increasingly visible in the past few years. Images of many young African men on the crowded rubber boats over the Mediterranean Sea cast the spotlight over a strong desire of youth to migrate. And over the tragic consequences that may occur when these journeys through the back way go awry.
The pandemic has resulted in travel bans, cutting consular services, and border closures in most countries. The pandemic has disrupted legal pathways to international migration and the raised concerns which more people may turn to irregular or illegal migration as a substitute. During the pandemic, online money transfer to Gambia is increased.
Indeed while the European border agencies reported the initial dip in the Mediterranean crossing, that seemed to pick up later ahead in the year. Despite more restrictions introduced by the Maltese and Italian governments over disembarkation in the ports, migrants have also continued leaving Libyan shores.
It is missing on the discussion about how Covid 19 has affected the ability and the African men’s intent to migrate. Such data is scarce since another set of consequences of the pandemic was to shut down the data collection efforts in many countries.
There have been methodological contributions by introducing the main idea of priming or the salience experiment to study migration intentions. This technique has also been used in psychology and economies to help make more salient a particular idea or concept. And bring it over the top of the mind when answering subsequent questions or carrying out the following task.
We model the individuals in our context choosing between staying in the home village in the Gambia, moving to Senegal, or migrating to Europe. At home, they also derive income from two primary sources, agricultural labour, from which they get the payment, I, and the money transfer to Gambia as remittances received by the other migrants abroad, i.e., R.
Many channels are using which the COVID-19 pandemic may influence migration intentions. First, the economic consequences of the pandemic of the Gambia are a lot likely to lower the income-earning opportunities in-home. At the same time, the lower earnings for the household members that are migrants abroad might reduce remittances.
The second channel has also seen an increase in the cost of migrating and the ability of people to afford it. Likewise, the earnings and wealth of the other community members who may be willing to lend this money to help people pay these costs are likely to be reduced.
Many individuals will now hit the budget constraint that keeps them from migrating even when they will benefit from doing this.
As many people want to send money to Gambia online, it has also helped maintain the economy of the Gambia. During COVID-19, everything changes, and so did the modes of sending money to people online. Ace Money Transfer is also offering the same kind of services.