It is almost 2020; the technology is not only limited to enhanced and efficient communication modus operandi, bullet trains, supercomputers or provision of online money transfer service.
These days everything is focusing on artificial intelligence, virtual reality, Nano-scale imaging, 3D printing, software to simulate the human body and organs, smart medicines and augmented reality. The demanding skills today are to be an expert in Docker, Linux, AWS or Java.
How Artificial Intelligence is changing Online Money Transfer?
Artificial intelligence is being considered the future of the world’s next revolution. From driving a car to send money to Ghana, anything would be done through the computer’s intelligence, which will be thousands of times more than humans.
We can still drive cars with the help of software like Google maps, but Artificial intelligence will make it happen on its own.
We can easily send money to Ghana online through services like ACE Money Transfer and PayPal. ACE Money Transfer works by logging in the account and using a credit or debit card to send money online.
The receiver then checks his account, and just in minutes he receives the money. In the case of Artificial intelligence, the money transfer will calculate the amount to be delivered, the rates at its own, and the best suitable option will be selected by the AI at its own.
Artificial intelligence in pharmacies will check the prescription, any drug-drug interaction, the non-compliance behavior, and so on.
What is Digital Treatment and Ethics?
Digital treatment is the source of taking patient’s data on account of the software installed on a chip. A chip is sometimes inserted in the head of the patient to acknowledge the compliance rates.
As the daily dose of the drug goes into the body; the chip transmits the information to the computer associated with the chip. The computer processes the information received, and the results are obtained daily.
Doctors, Pharmacist or other health care professionals keep track of the dosing schedule. This procedure helps carry out researches, especially clinical trials. The invasive approaches are examined via these chips.
Human-based clinical trials become accessible through the digital process. Any non-compliance will not make the results doubtful as you can easily subtract the non-drugs day from the results.
A pure kind of digital pill refers to the medicine which already has a chip incorporated in it. But still, chips are a popular option.
Ethics is the issue of using digital pills. As having access to the patient’s data, according to some groups of thoughts, it becomes unethical. The problem is still under investigation and scientists are working to have complete patient consent before the start of research. But if you use it regularly, it might be a challenge.
In 2017, the FDA approved the first digital pill having the active ingredient of aripiprazole with a sensor installed therein. The brand named Ability is used for schizophrenic patients.
The software or hardware companies install the sensors to monitor the patient or drug behaviour. In the case of Ability, the partner was Proteus Digital Health.
What are the Recent advances in Inhalation therapy advancement?
Drug delivery routes, except oral, are nasal, subcutaneous, intradermal, intravenous, intramuscular, vaginal, urethral, and anal. Recent advances in drug delivery system include an in-depth study on nasal routes.
How a drug can be inhaled has importance in treating patients. The nasal way is associated with the breathing and thereof to the blood. Hence if a drug is inhaled, the volume of distribution is depending on the number of breathings that intakes the drug into the blood.
The blood then transfers the drug to various parts of the body. If it can cross the blood-brain barrier, it will also reach the cerebrospinal fluid.
Asthmatic patients are commonly using inhalers. The recent advances in the therapy include particle size reduction and covering the particles with some protectants.
The particle size reduction is called the Micronization technique. Particle size usually is reduced by the milling procedure.
Micronization is the process that requires high energy to breakdown the already smaller particles. The crystalline phase and amorphous phases can be exchanged.
If the necessary form is amorphous, changes in the structure will lead to high variations in the physicochemical properties of the active ingredient.
The process applied is highly researched and validated to ensure the proper formation of the dosage form. Milling changes, the directions of the particles. To avoid agglomeration, the milling is stopped at a step before the suspected agglomeration or recrystallization stage.
Jet milling is not a new concept, but using inhalation therapy has given a great impact on efficacy, in recent years. It uses the equipment in which the compressed air or nitrogen gas is introduced in different motions. It tackles the drug particles and separates the molecules to reduce the particle size.
Wet polishing is also being used as the anti-solvent is used to make a suspension and the suspension forms at a micro-level. After this wet polishing, the drug is subjected to drying. Spray dryers are used basically for this purpose.
How Does a 3D Printing Make the Possible Future?
3D printed dosage forms are being researched over the years. The plastics, when printed three-dimensionally, it allowed the scientists to make the application use at a much higher stage.
It has led them to printing medicines. Scientists have successfully printed tablet dosage forms.
3D printing works by the movement of the printer head back and forth. As the computer software specially designed for 3D printers generates the command to make a special mix of the excipients and the active pharmaceutical ingredient, the amount and ration entered are exactly followed. The printer’s head moves back & forth and dispenses the quantity as the software is directing.
The results we get are surprisingly the same; the tablet produced is the same as the one provided in a manufacturing unit. The dusting off is required in the case of final tablets.
Can the future be that the physician orders a prescription online to the patient and the patient can make his medicine via the 3D printer? The more interesting it looks, the more it can result in hazardous.
Hence, in pharmaceutical relations, AI, 3D printing & novel drug delivery systems can be a revolution. The more the technology is advancing, the greater the risks are of privacy, unemployment, and torpidity.