Why Most Pakistani migrate is to send money to Pakistan from abroad to support their families. The migration flow has now become a structural phenomenon that will very certainly persist in the coming decades. While many migrants from low-income nations seek to relocate to more affluent parts of the globe, it is important to note that a similar, if not larger, number of people travel to low-income countries in the same geographical area.
Migration is always the outcome of a complex interplay of macro, meso, and micro variables—the former acts at the societal level and the latter at the family or even individual level. The relative importance of one component over another is unpredictably high.
The insufficient human and economic progress of the origin nation, demographic growth and urbanization, crises and dictatorships, social problems, and environmental changes are the key causes of migration among the ‘macro-factors.’ These are the primary causes of forced migration, whether it is international or domestic. Money transfers to Pakistan and other immigrants’ home countries are among the top reasons for moving from one country to another.
Land grabbing, communication technology, and diasporic ties are all crucial ‘meso-factors’ that connect a person to his or her ethnic group or religious community. Today, the influence of communication technologies and social media in luring people away from their home countries is undeniable. The notion of western countries as Eldorado is fueled by awareness of living conditions in the affluent world, which is often drastically overstated.
The ease of communication with the diaspora and family members who have previously migrated fuels the urge to flee poverty and start a new life in a new country. Easy ways of online money transfer to Pakistan and the rest of the world make migration even faster, and this also helps to prosper poor economies. However, ‘micro factors such as education, culture, employment status, and personal attitudes about migration play a significant impact in determining an individual’s final decision to move.
Despite a higher prevalence of latent chronic infections (the “healthy migrant” effect), freshly arrived migrants are usually in good health, even if generalization is improper. However, marginalization in the host nation might result in a decline in health, a condition known as the “exhaust migrant” effect.
Host countries, which may profit economically in the medium to long term from migration, must be prepared to receive refugees to benefit both the migrants and their local population. Most of the host countries are also updated with the latest technology updates; for example, the latest digital payment system allows migrants from Pakistan to send money to Pakistan online and stay connected to family 24/7.